Medicinal cannabis in Latin America: History, current state of regulation, and the role of the pharmacist in a new clinical experience with cannabidiol oil.
Cannabis sativa was introduced in Latin America in the 16th century. Nevertheless, many years have elapsed, and scientific progress and the medicinal use of C sativa have been restricted by the national laws of the countries in the region.
In Argentina, the first law on medical cannabis, approved in 2017 (#17,350), establishes a regulatory framework for the medical use and scientific research of this plant and its derivatives. In 2018, the first clinical research protocol in Latin America was approved at Hospital de Pediatria Garrahan (Buenos Aires, Argentina) to evaluate the efficacy and safety of cannabidiol (CBD) oil for the treatment of pediatric patients with refractory epilepsy. In this context, the role of pharmacists in the health care system related to the study protocol and the medicinal use of CBD has evolved from dispensing to active participation in clinical follow-up and research protocols.
Considering this experience, here we discuss the active role of the clinical pharmacist in the use of medicinal cannabis. Medicinal cannabis should be controlled in a legal framework based on clinical evidence, and the participation of the pharmacist in research and clinical protocols, as well as the dispensing and provision of information on the medicinal products should be emphasized in the clinical setting.
Copyright © 2019 American Pharmacists Association®. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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